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Le rapport final du Groupe de travail sur la légalisation et la réglementation du cannabis, publié le 30 Novembre 2016, est le produit de larges consultations au sein de la société canadienne.

 

Cliquez sur l’image ci-dessous pour télécharger le rapport :

Le présent rapport est le fruit de nos consultations avec des Canadiens, des gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux, des administrations municipales, des gouvernements autochtones et des organisations représentatives, des jeunes, des patients et des experts œuvrant dans des domaines pertinents.

Impulsé par les ministres de la Santé, de la Justice et de la Protection Publique, le Groupe de travail a commencé ses travaux en juin 2016, consultant les gouvernements provinciaux et territoriaux, des administrations municipales, des gouvernements autochtones et des organisations représentatives, et la société civile (jeunes, patients, ONGs, universitaires et experts œuvrant dans des domaines pertinents).

Le rapport aborde la problématique sur la base de 5 piliers principaux :

  • Réduire au minimum les dommages associés à la consommation ;
  • Établir une chaîne d’approvisionnement sécuritaire et responsable ;
  • Assurer la sécurité et la protection du public ;
  • Accès médical ;
  • et un chapitre final consacré à la mise en œuvre.

Les membres du Groupe de travail (de gauche à droite): R. Souccar, P. Kendall, C. Zahn, A. McLellan, M. Jesso, M. Ware, S. Boyd, B. von Tigerstrom et G. Chow

Discours de la Ministre de la Santé du Canada Jane Philpot lors de l’UNGASS 2016.

In December 2015, then during the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on the ‘world drug problem’ (UNGASS 2016) in April 2016, the Government of Canada reaffirmed its commitment to « legalize, regulate, and restrict access to marijuana ». A commitment has been made to create a new system of strict marijuana sales and distribution, with appropriate federal and provincial sales taxes applied, both to prevent youth from accessing marijuana and to curtail the illegal marijuana market that is benefitting organized crime. A commitment was also made to punish more severely those who provide marijuana to minors, those who operate a motor vehicle while under its influence and those who sell it outside of the new regulatory framework.

To inform the design of a new system, engagement with provinces and territories, as well as key experts, is essential. To carry out this work, the Ministers of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness and the Minister of Health created a Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation, which work has been guided by the following federal objectives:

  • Protect young Canadians by keeping marijuana out of the hands of children and youth.
  • Keep profits out of the hands of criminals, particularly organized crime.
  • Reduce the burdens on police and the justice system associated with simple possession of marijuana offences.
  • Prevent Canadians from entering the criminal justice system and receiving criminal records for simple possession of marijuana offences.
  • Protect public health and safety by strengthening, where appropriate, laws and enforcement measures that deter and punish more serious marijuana offences, particularly selling and distributing to children and youth, selling outside of the regulatory framework, and operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of marijuana.
  • Ensure Canadians are well-informed through sustained and appropriate public health campaigns, and for youth in particular, ensure that risks are understood.
  • Establish and enforce a system of strict production, distribution and sales, taking a public health approach, with regulation of quality and safety (e.g., child-proof packaging, warning labels), restriction of access, and application of taxes, with programmatic support for addiction treatment, mental health support and education programs.
  • Continue to provide access to quality-controlled marijuana for medical purposes consistent with federal policy and Court decisions.
  • Conduct ongoing data collection, including gathering baseline data, to monitor the impact of the new framework.